EARLY CANADIAN BROADCASTING RECORDS
Through the courtesy of Walter A. Rush, Controller of Radio, Department of Transport, Ottawa, CANADIAN RADIO DATA BOOK is able to publish a list of the first private commercial broadcasting station licences issued in Canada during the years 1922, to 1926.
On May 1, 1922, the first broadcast licence was issued to CJCG (Free Press), Winnipeg, closed in 1923, and during May twenty additional licences were issued to:
During the balance of 1922 thirteen additional licences were issued, those still operating being CKOC (Wentworth Radio), Hamilton; CFCH, Iroquois Falls, Ont. (now R.H. Thomson) ; CFCN, Calgary; CKCK, Regina; and CFPL (Free Press), London.
Twelve licences were issued in 1923, the survivors being CKY (Manitoba Telephone), Winnipeg; CFQC (A. A. Murphy), Saskatoon, and CFCQ, Vancouver.
Thirteen licences were issued in 1924, those continuing being CKCO, Ottawa; CNRO, Ottawa (now CBO), ; CFCT, Victoria, B. C. CL-INC (Toronto Radio Research Society) was licensed in May, 1924, and transferred to CKNC (National Carbon) in 1926.
Nine licences were issued in 1925 including CKCL (Dominion Battery) Toronto; CNRV (now Canadian Broadcasting Corp.), Vancouver; CFCY, Charlottetowne, P. E. I.; DeForest Radio Corporation also established CJYC (closed 1928) ; CKGW (Goodenham & Worts) closed 1933: and CFMC (Monarch Battery Co.), Kingston, (closed 1928). Twenty-three licences were issued in 1926 including CFRB, Toronto; CKNC, Toronto, (closed 1935) ; CKGS Summerside, P.E.I.; CJOC, Lethbridge; CHNS Halifax; CFJC, kamloops; CJRM, Mosse Jaw; and CKVC Quebec.
A letter from the Calgary Herald, dated Sept. 23, 1941 says; "We gave CFCA (Toronto Star) credit as being the earliest Canadian broadcasting station. CFAC (Calgary Herald) began broadcasting May 2, 1922, with 10 watts power. We understand C F C A put programs on the air in April, 1922." Records, however, show that C F CA made a widely advertised broadcast on March 20, 1922 over an experimental station located at the, Canadian Independent Telephone Company's plant, Wallace Avenue, Toronto, with crowds listening over loudspeakers at the Masonic Temple, Christie Military Hospital, and other locations, and that from then until June 22, 1922, regular broadcasts were continued. On June 22 a complete station was installed in the Star office by Dr. Chas A. Culver of the Canadian Independent Telephone Company.
Broadcasters Organize Association
On June 27, 1926, the Canadian Association of Broadcasters obtained a charter, the purpose of the association being to "represent all broadcasting stations throughout the Dominion."
The first officers were: President, J. N. Cartier (La Presse), Montreal; Vice-President, Main Johnston (Toronto Star); R.H. Combs (CKNC) and A. L. Bell (CKCK), directors and A. R. McEvan (CNRO), Secretary-Treasurer.
The function of the Association in the early days was chiefly for the purpose of presenting the views of the radio station operators to the various radio commissions which commenced with the Aird Commission in 1929 and the Association operated without a salaried executive or office accommodation. However, in 1935 the problems facing the industry had increased and at the Annual Meeting of that year the Association was re-organized and provided with a paid executive and office accommodation. The Board of Directors was changed to seven and holding office then were:
Harry Sedgwick (CFRB), Toronto; G. C. Chandler (CJOR), Vancouver; J. N. Thivierge (CHRC), Quebec; Gordon Love (CFCM), Calgary; Maj. W. C. Borrett (CIINS), Halifax; Dr. G. M. Geldert (CKCO), Ottawa, and Don Copeland (CJRC), Winnipeg.
Since that time the Association has continually expanded and meetings have been held annually. At the last meeting, held in January, 1941, a permanent President and General Manager, in the person of Mr. Glen Bannerman, was appointed. Mr. Sedgwick remaining as Chairman of the Board. Office accommodations has continually expanded and much has been done by the Association to eliminate bad practice in radio advertising, to encourage radio advertising as a medium, and generally to protect the interests of the radio industry.
Marconi Led In Early Broadcasting
Illustrating the early record of radio broadcasting in Canada is the reproduction of an article from the Montreal Daily Star, of Friday, May 21st, 1920, describing a broadcast, conducted the previous evening between the Canadian Marconi Company's plant in Montreal and the Chateau Laurier, Ottawa.
An article in the Canada Year Book, 1934-35, page 787, also records this human voice in Canada.
In reports of early broadcasting appear conflicting statements and some confusion regarding the term "wireless telephony" and "broadcasting". This is, no doubt, due to the fact that early stages of broadcasting were not as we know them to-day. Organized programming and regular schedules were not practiced at that time, because that phase of the radio science was still in the experimental stage.
The Canadian Marconi experimental broadcasting activities took place during the summer of 1919, when they put into operation the first broadcast transmitter ever to be used in the Dominion of Canada. This experimental station's call letters were "XWA", and the station was located in their factory on William Street in Montreal and operated on 12OO metres.
Walter A. Rush, Controller of Radio, Ottawa, writes:
WHEN WAS FIRST CANADIAN BROADCAST?
The honour of making the first Canadian broadcast belongs, we believe, to the Canadian Marconi station XWA, Montreal, whose early activities are described in another article accompanied by the reproduction of a descriptive article from Montreal Daily Star, of May 21, 1920.
Second honours appear to rest with station 4 A I I, Winnipeg, operated by L. V. Salton, now manager of the T. Eaton Company radio office, Winnipeg. Mr. Salton writes:
The radio editor of the Winnipeg Tribune writes: